文献简介

出版社:Journal of Travel Medicine

作  者:Pascal Delaunay, Pharm

编  号:1O.1111/J.17O8-83O5.2O12.OO653.X

关键字:bedbug infestations |Travelers

年  份:2012   点击量:646

文献摘要

Background:A dramatic increase of reported bedbug (Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus) infestations has been observed worldwide over the past decade。Bedbug infestations have also been detected across a wide range of travel accommodations,regardless of their comfort and hygiene levels。Travelers are increasingly exposed to the risks of bedbug bites,infestation of personal belongings,and subsequent contamination of newly visited accommodations and their homes。
Methods:We searched Medline publications via the PubMed database。National bedbug recommendations, textbooks, newspapers,and Centers for Disease Control websites were also searched manually。
Discussion:To detect infested sites,avoid or limit bedbug bites,and reduce the risk of contaminating one's belongings and home,bedbug biology and ecology must be understood。A detailed search of their most classic hiding niches is a key to finding adult bedbugs,nymphs,eggs,and feces or traces of blood from crushed bedbugs。Locally,bedbugs move by active displacement to feed (bite) during the night。Bed,mattress,sofa,and/or curtains are the most frequently infested places。If you find bedbugs,change your room or,even better,the hotel。Otherwise,travelers should follow recommendations for avoiding bedbugs and their bites during the night and apply certain simple rules to avoid infesting other sites or their home。
Conclusion:Travelers exposed to bedbugs can minimize the risks of bites and infestation of their belongings,and must also do their civic duty to avoid contributing to the subsequent contamination of other hotels and,finally,home。