文献简介

出版社:Blackwell Publishing Ltd • Mycoses

作  者:T. Burzykowski,1 G. Molenberghs, D. Abeck, E. Haneke, R. Hay, A. Katsambas, D. Roseeuw, P. van de Kerkhof, R. van Aelst and G. Marynissen

编  号:

关键字:

年  份:2003   点击量:948

文献摘要


ObjectiveTo provide an insight into the prevalence of foot disease in Europe, and to include an assessment of the prevalence of predisposing factors and their correlation with foot disease.

目的:旨在对欧洲足部疾病患病率进行深入调查,评估足部疾病的诱发因素及其与该疾病的关系

DesignLarge population-based survey conducted in 16 European countries.

设计:研究以大量人群为基础,在16个欧洲国家内展开调查。

SettingThe project consisted of two parts (study I and study II), in which all patients presenting to general practitioners and dermatologists over a defined time period were invited to participate.

环境:该项目包括两个部分(研究I和研究II),所有患者的都是由全科医生和皮肤科医生在一个规定的时间内邀请参加。

Patients In study I, 70497 patients presenting to dermatologists or general practitioners were recruited, and in study II 19 588 patients presenting to dermatologists were recruited.

患者:在研究I中,皮肤科医生或全科医生招募到了70497名患者;在研究II中,19588名患者被皮肤科医生招募。

Main outcome measureThe feet of all participants were examined for signs of foot disease. The assessors also recorded relevant details such as the age and sex of patients, and the presence of predisposing factors for foot disease. In addition, patients in study II were offered a free mycological examination of the toenails and skin on the feet.

主要观察指标:对所有参与者的双脚进行了足病迹象的检查。评估人员还记录了相关的详细信息,如患者的年龄、性别和足部疾病存在的诱发因素。此外,研究II中的患者还进行了一项免费的脚趾甲和脚部皮肤的真菌学检查。

ResultsIn study I, 57.0% of patients had at least one foot disease. In study II, 61.3% had at least one foot disease. The proportions of patients with fungal foot disease and non-fungal foot disease in study I were 34.9% and 38.4%, respectively, and in study II were 40.6% and 41.7%, respectively. Orthopedic conditions and metatarsal corns were the most frequently reported non-fungal foot diseases, and onychomycosis and tinea pedis were the most frequently observed fungal infections.

结果:患有至少一种足部疾病的患者在研究I中的比例为57.0%,在研究II中占61.3%。在研究I中,患有真菌性足部疾病和非真菌性足部疾病的患者比例分别为34.9%和38.4%,而研究II中则分别为40.6%和41.7%。骨科疾病和跖骨鸡眼是最常报道的非真菌性足部疾病,而甲癣和脚癣是最常见的真菌感染性疾病。

ConclusionsThis large-scale survey suggests that the prevalence of fungal and nonfungal foot disease is higher than previously estimated.

结论:大规模的调查表明,真菌性和非真菌性足部疾病的患病率比之前估计的高。